Pre-service teacher-training in Iraq and England, with special reference to the use of educational media - a comparative study
This study is an attempt to examine some aspects of primary and secondary initial teacher-training in England and Iraq, with Special reference to the use of educational media in educational institutions. There is no doubt that good teachers are skilled in the effective use of educational media, which play a great role in improving any educational system. The study, which comprises ten chapters, is divided into two main parts. Chapters One, Two, Three, Four and Five make up Part One, which is contextual. Chapter One provides general background, including statement of the problem, the need of educational media, the aims of the study, the limitations and the definition of selected terms. Chapter Two reviews selected literature from England and Iraq, and discusses some aspects of educational media in selected countries. Chapters Three and Four present an historical overview of initial teacher training in England and Iraq. Chapter Five, which concludes Part One, is concerned with the development of educational media in general, but particularly in England and Iraq. The five chapters of Part Two are concerned with the empirical dimension of the study. The research methodology is presented in Chapter Six, while the results of questionnaire surveys conducted in England and Iraq are presented in Chapters Seven and Eight. Chapter Nine compares the results of the questionnaire surveys between the two countries. Finally, Chapter Ten presents conclusions and recommendations drawn from the documentary evidence and empirical findings. Three questionnaires were designed and developed; one for tutors in teacher-training institutions; one for student-teachers, and the third for practising teachers. The Iraqi questionnaires were presented and answered in Arabic.