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Title: Latin America : blockages to development.
Author: Sandford, R. R.
Awarding Body: Polytechnic of the South Bank
Current Institution: London South Bank University
Date of Award: 1984
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It is argued that, so far, all theories of the Latin American process have been biased by an external approach. Examining the theoretical foundations of these theories, it is concluded that these cannot explain the class and production structures existing in the region, neither can predict the emergence of qualitatively new phenomena. Having citicised the discourses of under development, dependency, development, and world system theories, the analysis then proceeds with the argument that a theory of the Latin American process must conceptualize the social organization of the continent as an entity in itself, and not as an appendage to the development of capitalism in the industrialized countries. SUch a theory must be centered on the internal dynamics of the Latin American social structure, and then assess the actual role played by capitalism and imperialism in its policy. It is argued that Latin American development, as based on a restricted, limited, and upper-class oriented type of market, and a fragmented society, is possible because it corresponds to a particular organiaation of the labour process, which, in turn, is the product of a particular mode of production.This particular mode of production is the outcome of the fusion of different modes of production in the region. In this context, the international capitalist system -at its imperialist stage- is not a cause, but a profiteer and supporter of the contemporary social structure in Latin America. This particular organization of the labour process sets the boundaries (limits) withim which Latin America's social structure, political organization and organization of labour can vary. At an abstract level, it is argued, unlike modern Marxian scholars, that even when the relations of production are the genesis of the social structure, the latter can, in some historical situations, persist after the former subside, and adapt themselves to new forms of relations of production . It is concluded that the main barrier to development in the region lies not in its economic structure but in its social structure. Therefore, revolutionary change there must start at the social level and not at the economic level. The thesis is a starting point for further field research, aiming to constl~ ct a general theory of the social and economic reality of Latin America.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Economics & economic theory Economics