Decalogue and covenant : the structural framework of the Expanded Deuteronomistic work
This thesis has been prepared from the beginning having in mind the question of the origin of the two texts of the Decalogue. My conclusion is simply that the Decalogue was provided by a single author as the text of the covenant which served as the structural framework for the whole Expanded Deuteronomistic history. In contemporary Old Testament scholarship the study of the Decalogue using the existing literary criticism itself seems to have reached a dead end. Thus I employ the structural approach in terms of the redaction criticism. In Part I, I illustrate the aims of this thesis as the basis of illuminating the Decalogue from the different perspective. In Part II, to better understand the two texts of the Decalogue, I had to be equipped with a more extensive knowledge not only about the covenant in the Sinai Pericope and the Deuteronomistic history but also about the covenant in the Old Testament in general. I start with three scholars whose works are studies on the Deuteronomistic history, and I attempt to point out some problems with their views as well as to provide my own reconstruction on the basis of a critical analysis of their arguments. To begin with, I review analytically R.D. Nelson's book and find his claim for a double redaction of the Deuteronomistic history to be insufficiently grounded, although he indicated some close relationships between the Tetrateuch and Dtr2. He also noted that the covenant concept was a vital idea to the main author of the history Dtr1.