The theory and practice of 'C' function navies with special reference to the Western Pacific and the cases of the navies of the Republic of Korea and a United Korea
The main goal of the study is to produce a workable naval strategy for small navies and then to suggest a sound naval strategy both for the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN) and a united Korean navy after eventual unification of the Korean peninsula. The small navies are classified into two groups: 'C' and 'D' function navies. Although all coastal states with small navies have interests in exercising control within their own Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), some of them have the capability for this task with navies having such functions, and others are comparatively still much more involved in constabulary roles within their territorial waters. While this study deals with a group of navies defined as 'C' function navies, it may also serve as a basis for theoretical thinking on the utilization of 'D' function navies. Geographically, this study focuses mainly on the Western Pacific, including the CIS, the PRC, Japan, Taiwan and North and South Korea. The U.S. is also included as it has been one of the most important actors in the Pacific and will remain so. The ROKN is and will remain a 'C' function navy. It is evident that, regardless of any national and thus physical unification of the two Korean navies, it will remain a 'C' function navy and it will still be in the middle of four major navies. In this context, the same theory could be applied to the ROKN and a united Korean navy. Although no one can predict the day of unification of the two Koreas, a study of a united Korean naval strategy is justifiable. There are a number of reasons for this: i) although there are some obstacles in the way of unification of the two Koreas, a recent trend shows that the prospects for the unification are bright; ii) the various strategic choices available to a united Korea should be developed before eventual unification; and iii) given the time span for a naval build-up, strategic analysis of a naval strategy for a united Korea should start immediately. In order to produce a workable strategy, Part One centres on the changing nature of the exercise of naval power. In this section, distinctive aspects of 'C' function navies - a new concept of naval classification - and a naval strategy for the navies are discussed. Some factors, which may undermine the utility of major naval forces and contribute to the changing nature of the exercise of naval power, are examined. In addition, a flowchart for 'C' function naval force planning is suggested.