Group counselling/therapy as a technique to modify the undesirable school behaviour (school phobia) of children at elementary school level in the State of Kuwait
School phobia is seen as one of the most common problems amongst children at elementary school. It affects children's behaviour, feelings and attitudes towards school. Children suffering from a school phobic problem usually show negative feelings and behaviour against school. School phobic children avoid attending school. They tend to use different techniques every morning in order to gain their parents' support for not attending school. These children feel that something frightening will happen to them if they attend school, but actually there is no basis for their feelings. This research attempted to introduce Rogerian group counselling in treatment of the problem of school phobia. The sample comprised 76 school phobic children. They were divided randomly into two groups: an experimental group in which there were 37 school phobic children, and a control group in which there were 39 school phobic children. The experimental group children experienced 14 counselling sessions. There were three main aims of this research. First, to assess the use of Rogerian group counselling with young children who suffered from school phobia. This study tried to investigate whether or not Rogerian group counselling can help elementary school children to eliminate their undesirable behaviours. The second goal of this study was to examine the relationship between school phobia and children's school achievement and absence. Thirdly, the research attempted to examine children's ability to take responsibility for their own behaviour and their ability to make their own decisions for self-direction. The results of this study showed that the majority of school phobic children who joined the experimental group improved their school achievement and decreased their absences from school. In addition, such children developed their skills and abilities in school (e. g. taking responsibility and participating in school activities). The results revealed that the group counselling technique was a suitable method for school phobic children in reducing their school phobia problem and related undesirable behaviours in school (e.g. absence, poor social relationship).