Camus : the other as an outsider in a univocal discourse.
This thesis provides a reading which counters the prevailing interpretation of Camus
as a universalist writer. It positions him in a cultural context and analyses the colonial
ideology underlying his text. The thesis falls into three parts. The first establishes a
historical and literary context, a hermeneutic field, in which to interpret the Camusian
oeuvre. The second focuses on Camus's problems in trying to sustain his "univocalised"
narrative in which colonial issues are obfuscated in favour of a universalist problematic.
The fissuring of this univocalised narrative enacts a process of "unwriting. " The third
part re-interprets Camus from an Algerian literary point of view. The writings of Emmanuel
Robles, Mouloud Feraoun, Mouloud Mammeri, and Mohamed Dib set a context
for re-reading supposedly universal texts, like L'Etranger and La Peste. The concluding
chapter provides a focus for recapitulation, as it examines the theme of exile in L'Exil et le
royaume. Camus's alienation from Algeria underlies this narrative, signaling the closure
of the colonial discourse in his text and the collapse of his mytho-poetic position. Algeria
as a logos becomes the symbol of his "exile"