Topographic studies of scalp potentials evoked by pattern presentation
The waveform and scalp distribution of the visual evoked potentials elicited by stimuli in the foveal and parafoveal regions have been investigated in a group of normal humans using a 16-channel `brain mapping' system. The waveform and topography of the responses to pattern onset and pattern reversal stimulation were investigated, using 4 x 4o full field and 4 x 2o lateral and altitudinal half-field stimuli. The responses were composed of several successive peaks which are in some respects consistent with those demonstrated by other workers using larger field sizes. The differences in the behaviour of these components with respect to the position of the stimulus in the visual field were suggestive of origins in different areas of the visual cortex and/or different visual mechanism. Of particular interest were the major early positive components `P90' and `P95' of the responses to pattern onset and pattern reversal stimulation respectively. More detailed exploration of the behaviour of these major early positive components was carried out using `M-scaled' stimuli selected to activate one square centimetre patches of striate cortex and associated extrastriate re-projections, positioned at different points in the foveal and parafoveal area of the visual field. The inter- and intra-subject variability in amplitude and localisation of the signals elicited by these targets was considered to be a reflection of the individual variations in relationship of visual field projections with the pattern of gyri and fissures on the proximal surface of the occipital lobe. The behaviour of component P90 of the onset response is consistent with a lateral origin in extrastriate visual cortex; that of P95 of the pattern reversal response is consistent in some respects with a striate cortical origin, but in others with a partial origin in extrastriate cortex.