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Title: Recognition using tagged objects
Author: Soh, Ling Min
ISNI:       0000 0001 3470 0011
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2000
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This thesis describes a method for the recognition of objects in an unconstrained environment with a widely ranging illumination, imaged from unknown view points and complicated background. The general problem is simplified by placing specially designed patterns on the object that allows us to solve the pose determination problem easily. There are several key components involved in the proposed recognition approach. They include pattern detection, pose estimation, model acquisition and matching, searching and indexing the model database. Other crucial issues pertaining to the individual components of the recognition system such as the choice of the pattern, the reliability and accuracy of the pattern detector, pose estimator and matching and the speed of the overall system are addressed. After establishing the methodological framework, experiments are carried out on a wide range of both synthetic and real data to illustrate the validity and usefulness of the proposed methods. The principal contribution of this research is a methodology for Tagged Object Recognition (TOR) in unconstrained conditions. A robust pattern (calibration chart) detector is developed for off-the-shelf use. To empirically assess the effectiveness of the pattern detector and the pose estimator under various scenarios, simulated data generated using a graphics rendering process is used. This simulated data provides ground truth which is difficult to obtain in projected images. Using the ground truth, the detection error, which is usually ignored, can be analysed. For model matching, the Chamfer matching algorithm is modified to get a more reliable matching score. The technique facilitates reliable Tagged Object Recognition (TOR). Finally, the results of extensive quantitative and qualitative tests are presented that show the plausibility of practical use of Tagged Object Recognition (TOR). The features characterising the enabling technology developed are the ability to a) recognise an object which is tagged with the calibration chart, b) establish camera position with respect to a landmark and c) test any camera calibration and 3D pose estimation routines, thus facilitating future research and applications in mobile robots navigations, 3D reconstruction and stereo vision.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Landmark; Pose estimation; Camera calibration