Socio-political conflicts and military intervention : the case of Greece: 1950-1967.
The thesis attempts to account for the social and political conditions
which precipitated the military coup d'etat in 1967 in Greece.
Part I focuses on the Hellenic Armed Forces as a power centre in the
Greek political system erected on the ruins of the civil war (1946 - 1949 ).
The roots of the Army's political role are traced back to the circumstances
which gave rise to the civil war and the country's dependence on foreign
powers. The nature of the Greek military's dependence on foreign powers
is also brought into perspective. A p.rticu1ar chapter is devoted
to the discussion of the sources of the Army's economic and social power
as well as describing the socio-political and professional portrait of
the Greek officer cotps and their politics.
Part II deals with the complex relationships between the principal
state institutions, the Monarchy, Parliament and the Armed Forces. Their
individual strengths and weaknesses, and conflicts between them, are
analysed in conjunction with the various pressures and influences exerted
upon them from within and without.
Part 111 studies the impact of a certain model of capitalist development
on the socio-political changes which occurred in Greece in the post
civil-war era (1950-1967). The form of state and the resultant political
divisions, and their r1ationshi p to the social and political movements of
the period are also examined in some detail. The conditions of the regime's
stability and change are linked to the country's 'political institutions by
applying the concepts of political mobilisation, political participation,
political integration and institutionalisation.Part IV emines the crisis of the post civil-war state in Greece
and attempts to cast light on the important political changes in the
period 1963-1967 and on the relationship of a deepening and all embracing
political crisis to the actual staging of the military coup d'tat of
1967. A necessary chronological account of events is combined with an
examination of actual political practices, policies, conduct and tactics
applied by the main protagonistic political forces.
Finally, a concluding chapter focuses specifically on various
theoretical approaches and interpretations of the role of the Hellenic
Armed Forces in Greek politics over the period concerned and their ultimate
The substantive conclusions of the thesis are placed into the context
of a theoretical discussion which attempts to account for the post-war
rise of military and authoritatian regimes in peripheral and semiperipheral