Between modernism and the avant-garde : literary experimentation in the early 1960s in Greece (the case of the literary magazine Pali [1964-1967]).
This study is an investigation of the role of the "little magazine" flriAZ,
published in the early 1960s in Greece, as well as the work of its contributors.
By experimenting with the use or abuse, expansion or minimisation of literary
language, the group of flriAZ contributed to the constitution of the Greek 1960s
and offered an alternative paradigm of a peripheral Western neo-avant-garde.
The first chapter offers a brief account of the political and cultural background
to the magazine's publication. The second chapter explores the tradition of the
avant-garde "little magazines", the developments of Greek and international
alternative press in the 1960s and the features of flaAz as a "little magazine".
The third chapter reviews the developments of international and Greek
modernism and the avant-garde and examines the debates on literary modernity
in the Greek criticism of the 1960s. The fourth chapter considers the work of
Manto Aravantinou, Nikos Stangos and Kostas Tachtsis, three contributors of
IlaAz whose literature introduced innovative oral and textual strategies. Chapter
five explores the ways Alexandros Schinas views language and literature in his
meta- fictional literary work. It examines his experimental techniques. analyses
his "hyperlexist" contribution to IlaAz and his views on the language question.
Finally, the sixth chapter explores the background of the magazine's "anti-realist
generation". It examines their work within the context of international avantgarde
and analyses their contributions to the reformation of the literary and
cultural attitude during the 1960s.