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Title: Culturally-sensitive nursing care : a critique.
Author: McGee, Paula.
Awarding Body: University of Central England in Birmingham
Current Institution: Birmingham City University
Date of Award: 2000
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The aim of this investigation was to explore the lived experiences of nurses and patients about the nature of culture, how nurses incorporated cultural issues into their work and the extent to which patients felt that their cultural needs were met. A phenomenological approach was used because this facilitated interpretation of takenfor- granted aspects of daily life in order to gain insight into the hidden meanings that participants ascribed to everyday events. Nurse and patient participants included members of White, Black and other minority ethnic groups, men and women, young and mature adults. A total of 85 nurses working in, and 54 patients recently discharged from, acute hospital wards spread over four NHS Trusts, agreed to be interviewed. A number of methodological issues were addressed. These included interviewing across cultural and racial boundaries and the ethical dimensions of constructing the sample. The phenomenological approach was helpful in clarifying understanding and meaning, particularly through the analysis of stories. These revealed that the nurses had some practical knowledge of cultural issues and, like the patients, saw good care as being linked to interpersonal skills. This practical knowledge was not sociallyembedded and shared by members of ward teams. The nurses' formal knowledge about cultural issues was very limited. Nurses and patients demonstrated rigid views of culture and its relationship with care that helped to reinforce negative stereotypes and racism. The experiences of two nurses in cultural liaison roles were explored as potential forms of higher-level nursing practice but revealed, instead, some of the pressures to which nurses who are members of minority groups are exposed. Recommendations include the need for nurses to possess knowledge and skills that will enable them to develop and expand their competence. They also require skills, confidence and support from senior staff in dealing effectively with racist behaviour.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Racial; Ethnicity Medical care Sociology Human services