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Title: The social setting of migration : factors affecting migration from a sierra zapotec village in Oaxaca, Mexico.
Author: Young, C. M.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3575 5911
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University of London
Date of Award: 1976
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In the first chapter the status of migration as a field of study is discussed; particular emphasis is given to the debate within Latin America between modernist and historico-structural approaches. In the seconds analysis is made of village demographic data which shows that the high out-migration cohorts differ for the sexes but that migrants are predominantly within the 10-29 age category: the implication of the absence of such a high proportion of the active population, especially males, for the productive capacity of the village are noted. In the following chapter it is shown that the incorporation of the village into the national economy has led to economic differentiation which has given certain sectors of the population an advantage over others in terms of access to labour. It is shown that labour shortage is particularly acute for men with households of over 5 members who have no access to reciprocal male labour or a cash income locally. Temporary migration is undertaken by some to acquire cash needed for living expenses, while young people may be sent away to relieve the pressure on household budgets. The growing political incorporation of the area has led to increased expenditure of time on administration being necessary, and again particularly effects certain categories of men, putting them at risk of migration. In the fifth chapter the changing patterns of cooperation are analysed. It is then argued that only with the historical background can an adequate framework be provided for an understanding of the causes for the out-migration flow. In the following chapters an analysis is made of the changes in the economy of the area which indicates how different categories of people have been put at risk of migration at different periods, and in Chapter 7 the political struggles which accompanied the restructuring of the local economy are discussed. In the final chapter statistical material is provided to show how selectivity has been changing over the 30-year period since migration became instituted; the interplay of local and extra-local factors on selectivity is demonstrated. In the conclusions it is argued that the basic mechanism for instituting and maintaining population redistribution is the transformation of the economic system, leading to a changed social division of labour throughout the national economy. Migration is thus seen as an aspect of this transformation and not the cause of it.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available