Experimental transmission of dispersion managed solitons
This thesis investigates the feasibility of soliton transmission at 1150nm over standard fibre. This is done using a dispersion compensating fibre module in each amplifier span to compensate for the high dispersion. The basic principles of soliton propagation in optical fibre are discussed within this thesis, followed by an introduction to advantages of dispersion management. In the experimental chapter single channel transmission results are presented in 10Gbit/s and 40Gbit/s. At 10Gbit/s the effects of dispersion management on the power dispersion relationship for solitons are investigated. The detrimental effects of soliton-soliton interactions, which are increased due to the greater overlap breathing solitons are discussed. A technique for reducing the soliton-soliton interactions through amplifier positioning is presented as a solution to this problem. The experiments demonstrate the feasibility of using standard fibre for transmission over trans-oceanic distances at 10Gbit/s. The 40Gbit/s experiment demonstrates transmission over sufficient distance for an terrestrial system. Also contained within this thesis are experimental results showing transmission of solitons over dispersion shifted fibre using a novel technique that makes use of the non-linear polarisation rotation of the soliton in the fibre. This is used to generate the effect of saturable absorption, allowing transmission distances of 200,000km to be achieved.