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Title: The organisation and financing of Russian foreign trade before 1914.
Author: Thompstone, Stuart Ross.
ISNI:       0000 0000 0450 9147
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University of London
Date of Award: 1991
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By focussing on the role of individual trading companies active in Russia's pre-1914 foreign commerce, this thesis deals with an aspect of Russia's economic history that is relatively unexplored. It also makes a contribution to the debate on the relative importance of government action in Russia's process of economic modernisat ion. As the world of international commerce became increasingly globalised the major turning points in the conduct of Russia's foreign trade were decided beyond her frontiers with the result that the periodisation of Russia's trading history put forward in this study differs fundamentally from that traditionally used by economic historians. Through stressing the international dimension to this process of change and the pivotal position of the City of London in financing Russia's trade, an opportunity is presented to test some of the recent speculations on 19th century international mercantile enterprise. Important in this respect are: the nature of the expatriate trading community in Russia and the extent to which it became a cosmopolitan bourgeoisie; and the contribution of expatriate mercantile enterprise both to the development of Russia's commercial infrastructure and to its manufacturing sector. The material on capital growth and profitability for some of the leading mercantile firms active in Russia refutes some of the unfounded assertions on trading profits that sometimes appear in Soviet works. Additionally such data enables the pacemakers in Russia's international trade to be judged in an international perspective. This study also considers the alleged entrepreneurial failure of Russian merchants. It modifies the traditional stereotype of the Russian merchant and argues that in the field of international trade they acted in an economically rational manner. And in those areas of international commerce where they might be expected to participate, they were becoming increasingly well represented by the late 19th century.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History History International trade