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Title: The comparison of stress in Turkey and the UK.
Author: Ertoren, Isil.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3448 9826
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 1996
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The main aim of the thesis is the comparison of stress in Turkey and the UK using a variety of methods. The initial research involved four survey studies which examined occupational stress among junior house officers, senior house officers, and newly graduated teachers in Turkey and the UK to determine whether there were any differences which could not be attributed to specific features of job. In the fifth study, life stress in university students was studied rather than occupational stress. The fifth study gave a chance to eliminate some of the methodological problems which were found in the cross - cultural studies of occupational stress. The main interest in the fifth study was whether the relationship between psychosocial factors and stress differed in Turkey and England. Because of the problems with field studies, the last study was carried out in the laboratory. With this last study, the research moved from survey studies of chronic stress to an experimental investigation of acute stress and from empirical studies with no underlying model to a theory driven approach. The sixth study was based on the 'adaptive cost model' and examined the effects of noise on performance, effort, cardiovascular functions and mood in Turkey and England. The results of the surveys showed that, except for the first study, there were no global differences between Turkey and the UK in terms of identification of frequency and intensity of occupational stress sources. However, the selective differences were found between the two countries. In general. Turkish subjects complained more about items related to the lack of support whereas British subjects reported more items related to work overload. In the fifth study, global differences were found between Turkish and English university students. Turkish students reported greater perceived stress, negative mood and physical and mental health problems. In contrast, English students reported more social support and positive mood. However, the results also showed that psychosocial factors and stress operated in the same way in both countries. In the sixth study, some global differences in performance and mood were found between the two countries, although the ' adaptive cost model ' was not supported in either Turkey or in England. Overall, these results suggest that differences in exposure to stress between Turkey and the UK may be the important factor rather than differences in response to stress.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Occupational stress Psychology