A computational and experimental examination of turbine cooling flows
Film cooling by means of holes is an essential cooling technique in modern gas turbine engines. This cooling technique is employed over endwalls, as well as on the surface of blades. Thus, there is a need for film cooling predictions in a three-dimensional setting. Currently only boundary layer codes are available for design purposes and they are difficult to apply to the three-dimensional case with secondary flows. Present advanced computation prediction methods are capable of solving the complete flow field in three dimensions with coolant flow. However, the spatial resolution that these methods require eliminate them as suitable options for design tools This study introduces a simpler description of the film cooling process which may be implemented in a code for design purposes. The parameters of turbulence enhancement, turbulence decay, and the coolant distribution at injection were optimized using existing experimental data. Finally, the code was employed in a three-dimensional setting with film cooling present. An experimental study of the flow through cooling holes was also undertaken. Two unique geometries were later developed where a row of cooling holes exited into a vortex region where the flow was mixed before being injected from a slot. The cooling benefits of these geometries is apparent.