Synthetic applications of arene chromium tricarbonyl complexes
This thesis investigates the use of arene chromium complexes as phenyl cation synthons in the synthesis of homochiral N-phenylamino esters, and the dianion formation of a series of complexed aryl ethers. Chapter 1 reviews the properties of arene chromium tricarbonyl complexes and discusses in detail the ability of some of these complexes to undergo nucleophilic aromatic substitution. Chapter 2 outlines the biological importance of homochiral N-phenylamino esters. The N-phenylation of a series of amino alcohols are first investigated both by direct reaction of haloarene complexes with amino alcohols and also via a Smiles rearrangement of an aryl ether derivative. In addition, methodology is developed for the synthesis of a series of homochiral N-phenyl-α-amino esters and N-phenyl-β-amino esters. The synthetic strategy is then applied to the synthesis of some N-phenyl-β-lactams, in particular (+)SCH 48461. Chapter 3 reviews the directed metallation of complexed and uncomplexed arene compounds and discusses the mechanism involved. The generation of dianions in a series of complexed aryl ethers is investigated. Regioselective deprotonation is observed using different alkyllithium bases and the degree of dianion formation is confirmed by electrophilic quench of the dianionic intermediates with CD3OD and TMSC1.