Human tooth development in an archaeological population of known age.
This thesis documents dental maturation in a mid C18, early
C19 population where age at death is known (N=63, age range
birth and 5.4 years). Emphasis is placed on the
mineralization of individual deciduous and certain permanent
teeth. In the first part of this thesis, the literature on
dental maturation is reviewed with special reference to
radiographic studies of populations, methodology and
statistical analysis. Quantitative data on developing teeth,
population differences and age estimation are also reviewed.
In the second part of the thesis the Spitalfields material is
described and used to investigate the accuracy of five types
of age estimating methods that make use of the developing
dentition. It emerges that the atlas method of Schour and
Massler (1941) predicted age best. The third part of the
thesis documents dental development in the Spitalfields
Collection. New data for human deciduous anterior teeth and
early stages of permanent anterior teeth are presented. In
this study, few permanent anterior tooth crowns were complete
before 5 years of age, contrary to published data from
radiographic studies. Alveolar eruption of deciduous teeth
and measurements of tooth length and weight are presented and
discussed in context with published standards. The fourth
part of this thesis is a preliminary investigation of cranial
and postcranial development in this population.
The fifth part is an appendix of data.