Interpretation of the aeromagnetic anomalies of mainland Scotland using pseudogravimetric transformation and other methods
A procedure to upward continue magnetic anomalies observed on an irregular surface onto a horizontal plane has been developed and applied to the aeromagnetic map of Great Britain. Pseudogravimetric transformation was then carried out on this reduced anomaly and both data sets have been used for analysis and interpretation of several prominent anomalies in Scotland along the Great Glen fault and over the Midland Valley. A prominent linear positive magnetic anomaly occurring along the Great Glen fault has been modelled as due to a locally magnetized outward dipping body almost symmetrical about its apex beneath the fault line, together with a magnetized crustal slab to the northwest of the fault. The outward dipping body has its top lying within the upper crust, a magnetization of greater than about 1.0 A/m, a half-width of about 40 km at its base and a thickness of the order of 7-18 km. The origin of the outward dipping magnetized body may possibly be explained by metamorphism produced by frictional heating resulting from the transcurrent fault movement. Alternatively the metamorphism may be associated with some other fault related process such as crustal fluid flow. Thermal modelling has been used to demonstrate this. The magnetization contrast across the fault may be the direct result of blocks of differing magnetization on opposite side, juxtaposed as a result of transcurrent movement. The modelling along a profile over the Clyde Plateau (Midland Valley of Scotland) using a well-constrained lava body reveals the presence of a long wavelength anomaly component due to a deeper crustal source. The basement anomaly is conspicuous on the pseudogravimetric map but not on the aeromagnetic map. A near circular magnetic anomaly near Bathgate in the Midland Valley can be explained by an unexposed intrusive body superimposed on the deep crustal source as above.