Gas-fired radiant heaters
This dissertation covers four areas of particular interest for the successful application of radiant heating in industrial environments. In it the author tackles the problem of how to predict the thermal comfort produced both by single heaters and also systems of heaters; proposes a method for modelling the mechanisms by which heaters interact with the buildings in which they are installed, in the static and dynamic cases; explores techniques for measuring the radiation produced by heaters; and presents experiments concerned with finding the temperatures and power balances prevailing during normal operation. It is contended that, whilst the generally accepted guides for sizing and operating space heating plant were a good first approximation, there are intrinsic subtleties arising from the fact that the primary mode of heat transfer in this instance is radiative. These nuances are concerned with how best to maximise the heat transfer from the heat source to the heated object; the placement of heaters within a system; and an assessment of the various techniques and strategies involved in controlling a radiant heating system. The conclusions reached are that: if sized and controlled correctly radiant heating systems offer considerable operational advantages over other types of space heating systems in certain applications, in terms of both economy and controllability. The efficacy of radiant heating systems is affected primarily by the control strategy implemented; secondarily, by the structure of the building into which it is installed; and only marginally by all other factors.