Wind meteorology and the integration of electricity generated by wind turbines
The generation of electricity using wind turbines is now widespread and commercially viable. There are two aspects of wind energy which are critically important. Firstly, the evaluation of the wind resource, both on nationally and on a local scale. Secondly, the integration of electricity generated by wind turbines into existing electricity grids without reducing the reliability of supply or reducing the overall economic efficiency of the system. This thesis examines both these aspects. Chapters 3 and 4 are concerned with the large scale utilisation of wind energy. Chapter 3 discusses the suitability for wind energy evaluation of the data held by the UK Meteorological office, describes the results of a detailed examination of over 130 station-years of hourly data, and recommends areas of further study as well as a UK standard for site description. Chapter 4 describes a computer model used to examine the effects of integrating wind-generated electricity into the CEGB National Grid and the results obtained with it. The relative importance of dispersal of wind turbines, load and wind forecasting, variation of turbine characteristics and inter-annual variability of wind speed is determined. Chapters 5 and 6 are concerned with a detailed evaluation of thewind energy potential on the Shetland island group. Chapter 5 describes the planning, testing and installation of two hill-top monitoring stations on Shetland and the results found. Chapter 6 describes the development of a computer model of the Shetland Power Station, which is used to examine how the introduction of wind turbines would affect the operation of the power station and the maximum energy penetration possible before power cuts occur. Both chapters conclude with detailed recommendations which will be of worldwide use as the wind energy potential of other diesel-fuelled grids is determined.