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Title: The intrigues of the German government and the Ghadr party against British rule in India : 1914-1918.
Author: Fraser, T. G.
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1974
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In 1913 a new Indian revolutionary movement, known as the Ghadr party, was founded in the United States. It was a coalition of middle class Indians, several of whom were established revolutionaries, and Sikh workers who had settled in the United States and Canada from around 1905. The latter had become discontented because of the discriminatory nature of Canadian immigration legislation and their revolutionary enthusiasm was aroused in 1914 when the Canadians prevented the entry of Indians from the Komagata NIaru. In August 1914 large numbers of Ghadrites left North America to start a revolution in the Punjab, but the Indian authorities had been forewarned and many were interned under the Ingress Ordinance. Plans for a revolution continued and a projected rising in February 1915 was thwarted by police action. The Ghadrites failed because of their weak organisation and their inability to win popular support. They were more successful in gaining adherents in the army, though the army mutiny in Singapore in February 1915 was due more to tensions within the regiment involved. The Germans formed an alliance with the Ghadrites and other revolutionaries in Bengal and Europe, whom they vainly attempted to arm with munitions from America and the Philippines. In the East Indies help was given to the Bengali revolutionaries and plans made to raid the Andaman Islands, while in Siam there was a plot to invade Burma and from Turkey and Afghanistan there were attempts to influence Indian Muslims. All these plans failed. They resulted in the strengthening of extraordinary legislation in India and the growth of a British intelligence system in the east. Later in the war the Germans and revolutionaries hoped to regain the initiative by influencing Japan. This also failed, though it helped to sour Anglo-Japanese relations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available