School effectiveness in the UAE : the educational monitoring system in UAE primary public schools, a case study of the Dubai educational zone.
The main purpose of this study was to examine the practices involved in the
educational monitoring system in the UAE boys' elementary schools. Monitoring the
performance of students is considered one of the significant factors in promoting
students' achievement and in determining school effectiveness. Process factors are
increasingly becoming the concern of the Third W orId countries' research after being
confined to the Western countries' research. This study is an attempt to examine and
investigate monitoring students' performance, as one of these factors, in the UAE
educational system and context. The study is also an attempt to establish a basis that will
allow for more comprehensive research in terms of process paradigm.
The study involved a qualitative research method in an attempt to gain an indepth
insight into the working of the different school staff as well as their perceptions of
inspectors as representatives of the central level in the educational monitoring system.
TIle study investigated the practices of teachers, headmasters and social workers at the
school level. A semi-structured interview was designed to collect data from interviewees
in addition to document analysis which is mainly derived from school records and
students' pamphlets. The sample used in the study consisted of a number of thirty
teachers of different subjects, eight school headmasters, twelve school social workers.
The main results of the study showed that most of the practices involved in the
process of monitoring the performance of students were ineffectively conducted by the
vast majority of practitioners at the school level. The study revealed that the current
state of monitoring the performance of students is poor. It showed lack of
systematization of data collection, a poor state of communication and coordination
amongst the school members, ineffective methods of intervention, poor system of record
keeping, and limited use of data collected. In genera~ the educational monitoring system
at the school level was found to be ineffective in most of its aspects and practices that
form the basis for monitoring the educational performance. Although the study
attempted to identify the current state of the educational monitoring system it also
revealed that there are many features that characterize the current system and contribute
to the ineffectiveness of the educational monitoring system.
The findings of this study have many implications for the educationalists and the
practitioners as well as for the policy makers at the higher educational and government
levels to increase their efforts in order to improve the quality of primary school education
in the UAE. Finally, the researcher hopes that the findings of this study provide a basis
for recommendations that will contribute to the enhancement of the educational
monitoring system at the school level and consequently the improvement of the
educational performance and educational provision for all children.