Creative users, illegal architects.
The central message of this thesis is that architecture is made by use and by design. To use a building is
to alter it, by for example physically transforming it, using it in unexpected ways, or conceiving of it anew.
The user can be passive, reactive or creative, whatever the character of the space he or she inhabits, but
space can affect use, and each design suggests a certain user. Questioning the binary opposition of the
architect and the user this thesis proposes a third entity: the creative user who can also be an 'illegal architect'.
As a design strategy which recognises the creative role of the user in formulating architecture, it proposes
a theory of montage in which the gaps are as important as the fragments. In contrast to traditional
theories of montage, the 'montage of gaps' aims not to shock but to remain unresolved, to be remade by