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Title: Environmental policy in Egypt : the role of institutional structure.
Author: Sherif, Sherifa Fouad.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3404 2565
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 2000
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currently faces serious environmental challenges. Some would go so far as to say that Egypt faces an environmental crisis. While the causes of these environmental problems are complex, one intervening factor is prevalent, namely the institutional choices that Egyptian policy makers have made through the course of industrialization since the 1960s. These choices tended to downplay or ignore (at that time uncertain and unrealized) environmental consequences in favor of attaining the most rapid economic growth possible. Today one can see the results of this policy on the streets of Cairo or in the waterways of the Nile. Due to unwise investment decisions, the environmental costs of development have been considerable. Egypt today still remains a very poor nation, and is now also burdened by some of the world's most severe environmental disasters. Flawed institutional practices have contributed to these problems. The Egyptian government now needs to focus on effective institutional solutions to correct these institutional problems. Institutional structures have played a central role in determining economic development priorities in Egypt, including their resulting environmental consequences. Likewise, institutional structures will be integral in trying to find policy solutions to these problems. The make-up and capacities of these institutions could have a significant impact on the effectiveness of policy. A recent study undertaken to analyze the effectiveness of National Environmental Action Plans in African countries concluded that: Experience with the NEAPs to date indicates that, to a large degree, the success of the NEAP process is determined by the effectiveness of the institutional arrangements for its development and implementation. 1 Government institutions in Egypt have slowly begun to look at ways to correct the mistakes of the past. Since the 1980s, environmental protection laws have been developed and are being implemented. An Environmental Affairs Agency (EAA) has been created to focus specifically on environmental policy issues. The Egyptian government has developed and adopted its own National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) to provide a policy framework for environmental reform. Major political institutions, parties, and high-level officials are beginning to show public support for incorporating environmental considerations into development policy. But will this response be enough? This dissertation will focus on that very question. The focus of this dissertation is fourfold: 1) to analyze the role institutions played in Egypt's industrial development and resulting environmental degradation; 2) to diagnose the institutional structures responsible III Egypt today for dealing with environmental issues; 3) to determine the capabilities of this institutional structure in developing policy responses to Egypt's past and present environmental problems, especially in the area of industrial pollution; and 4) to draw some conclusions on what can be done to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of this institutional response.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Political science