Evaluation of videokeratoscopy
The present thesis evaluates various aspects of videokeratoscopes, which are now becoming increasingly popular in the investigation of corneal topography. The accuracy and repeatability of these instruments has been assessed mainly using spherical surfaces, however, few studies have assessed the performance of videokeratoscopes in measuring convex aspheric surfaces. Using two videokeratoscopes, the accuracy and repeatability of measurements using twelve aspheric surfaces is determined. Overall, the accuracy and repeatability of both instruments were acceptable, however, progressively flatter surfaces introduced greater errors in measurement. The possible reasons for these errors are discussed. The corneal surface is a biological structure lubricated by the precorneal tear film. The effects of variations in the tear film on the repeatability of videokeratoscopes have not been determined in terms of peripheral corneal measurements. The repeatability of two commercially available videokeratoscopes is assessed. The repeatability is found to be dependent on the point of measurement on the corneal surface. Typically, superior and nasal meridians exhibit poorest repeatability. It is suggested that interference of the ocular adnexa is responsible for the reduced repeatability. This localised reduction in repeatability will occur for all videokeratoscopes. Further, comparison with the keratometers and videokeratoscopes used show that measurements between these instruments are not interchangeable. The final stage of this thesis evaluates the performance of new algorithms. The characteristics of a new videokeratoscope are described. This videokeratoscope is used to test the accuracy of the new algorithms for twelve aspheric surfaces. The new algorithms are accurate in determining the shape of aspheric surfaces, more so than those algorithms proposed at present.