The architectural works of Richard Cromwell Carpenter (1812-55), William Slater (1819-72) and Richard Herbert Carpenter (1841-93).
This thesis examines the architectural commissions undertaken by three
Victorian architects - Richard Cromwell Carpenter (1812-55), William
Slater (1819-72) and Richard Herbert Carpenter (1841-1893) - who traded
under their own names, but also as Slater & Carpenter (1863-72), and as
Carpenter & Ingelow (1875-93).
The three architects were much connected with the "High Church"
movement within the Church of England, especially Richard Cromwell
Carpenter who was one of the favoured architects of the Cambridge
Camden Society; an organization which attempted to give structural
expression to the liturgical and doctrinal ideals which emanated from the
Little previous research has been undertaken on any of these individuals
though each was considered an important architect by their
contemporaries; being collectively responsible for a vast range of
ecclesiastical commissions, including designs for Cathedrals, parish
churches, schools, and clergy houses, in addition to a litany of other
commissions both large and small.
This thesis considers each of the main types of work, but it also examines
certain themes. Hence, one chapter examines the schools which were
designed while also considering how architectural style changed with time.
Another examines the parsonages which were planned while also
considering the educational backgrounds of the relevant clergy, while the
chapter that considers the great houses also seeks to identify any linkage
between architectural style and the hierarchical position of the patron The words which follow are based on extensive research into primary and
secondary sources; archives at Lambeth Palace, Lancing College, County
Record Offices and the major copyright libraries. The thesis aims to make
a significant contribution to the study of Victorian church-building, and to
the documentation of Victorian ecclesiology.