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Title: Heine and the Victorians
Author: McMahon, Ann Marie
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1990
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This thesis considers the reception of Heine in Victorian Britain and charts, through the medium of periodical articles in particular, the general development in British attitudes towards him, from the bewildered hostility of the 1830's through to the sentimental eulogising which is frequently found in articles written after his death. Unquestionably the most important articles written on Heine in nineteenth-century Britain were by George Eliot and Matthew Arnold. The aims and achievements of these authors, in writing on Heine, were very different, but both produced articles of enduring significance, and together they had a strong influence on the general improvement in Heine's fortunes in Britain during the second half of the nineteenth century. In turn, Heine was of importance not only for George Eliot and Matthew Arnold but also for some of the lesser figures of Victorian literature, notably Richard Monckton Milnes (Lord Houghton), Julian Fane and the Lyttons. All of these played some part in promoting Heine's reputation in Britain, and in this role Milnes enjoyed the help of Lucie Duff Gordon, one of the closest of Heine's English friends. Heine exerted a relatively small but definite influence on the creative works of both George Eliot and Matthew Arnold and on the poems of Milnes. In the case of Matthew Arnold, however, those critics who have considered Heine's influence in any depth have tended also to exaggerate it beyond reasonable bounds.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Literature