A study of organizational and professional commitment among nurses in Singapore
Issues on commitment have captured the great interest of organizations and research scholars. The health-service organizations in Singapore are anxious to develop appropriate organizational strategies to enhance their nursing personnel's levels of commitment to the organization and profession, and hope that this may, in one way or other, help to ease the turnover among the nurses currently taking place in the organizations. The current study has, therefore, been carried out to investigate the commitment levels of nurses in the health-service organizations in the Asian Context of Singapore with an attempt to (a) establish the differences between the nurses' level of organizational commitment and professional commitment; (b) determine the effects of the nurses' personal variables on their organizational commitment; and (c) ascertain the relationships between the nurses's overall job satisfaction and their organizational commitment and professional commitment. A total of 2,424 usable questionnaires were collected from nurses in six government hospitals and four private hospitals. The results of the data analysis have indicated that (a) the nurses, irrespective of their organizational affiliation to the public or private sector, tended to show a higher level of commitment to the profession than to the organization; (b) the nurses in the private hospitals did not tend to show more commitment to the organization than their counterparts in the government hospitals; (c) the personal variables of age, tenure and salary level of the nurses in both the government and private hospitals seemed to have created an impact on their organizational commitment, and that of these variables, salary level seemed to have the greatest impact on the organizational commitment, and have an intervening effect on the relationships between age and tenure and the organizational commitment; and (d) the overall job satisfaction of the nurses in the government hospitals seemed to have been related more to their professional commitment than to their organizational commitment, but the overall job satisfaction of the nurses in the private hospitals did not appear to have significant relationships either with their organizational commitment or professional commitment. The possible contributing factors to these findings were analysed;the implications for the health-service and other organizations concerned, and the implications for future studies were discussed.