On the capture and representation of fonts
The commercial need to capture, process and represent the shape and form of an outline has lead to the development of a number of spline routines. These use a mathematical curve format that approximates the contours of a given shape. The modelled outline lends itself to be used on, and for, a variety of purposes. These include graphic screens, laser printers and numerically controlled machines. The latter can be employed for cutting foil, metal. plastic and stone. One of the most widely used software design packages has been the lKARUS system. This, developed by URW of Hamburg (Gennany), employs a number of mathematical descriptions that facilitate the process of both modelling and representation of font characters. It uses a variety of curve formats, including Bezier cubics, general conics and parabolics. The work reported in this dissertation focuses on developing improved techniques, primarily. for the lKARUS system. This includes two algorithms which allow a Bezier cubic description, two for a general conic representation and, yet another, two for the parabolic case. In addition, a number of algorithms are presented which promote conversions between these mathematical forms; for example, Bezier cubics to a general conic form. Furthennore, algorithms are developed to assist the process of rasterising both cubic and quadratic arcs.