The Me'or 'enayim of Azariah de'Rossi : a critical study and selected translations.
The purpose of this study of Azariah de'Rossi's
Me~or Enayim is primarily to establish the precise
scholarly context of de'Rossi's historical investigations
by means of an analysis of the author's use of sources.
The first section is devoted, for the most part, to
de'Rossi's study of the origins of the Septuagint and to
his use and evaluation of the work of Philo and Josephus.
In relation to his Septuagint studies it is argued that
his work bears greater affinity to northern European than
to Italian antiquarian scholarship of his time. The
original nature of de'Rossi's critique of Philo is demonstrated
and is considered in the light of Christian
attitudes towards the Hellenistic Jew. As regards
de'Rossi's Jewish sources attention is given to his
controversial analysis of the Aggadoth and to his evaluation
of some post-Talmudic sources. Further clarification
as to the scholarly framework of de'Rossi's researches is
provided in the chapter on his use of the work of two
Christian writers - Augustinus Steuchus and Annius of
Viterbo. A re-appraisal of the Jewish reaction to the
publication of the Me'or (Enayim is given in the Postscript.
In the second par~ an annotated English translation of five
chapters of the Me'or _Enayim have been provided as
illustration of the discussions of the first part of the