Expressivist landscape architecture : the development of a new conceptual framework for landscape architecture.
Limitations in landscape architecture's intellectual underpinning potentially restrict its
capability to make places which are conducive to human fulfilment. This is evident as an
aesthetic and technical bias in landscape architecture which overlooks experiential dimensions
crucial to the achievemenot f human fiflfilment. In responsea new conceptualf ramework is
developed ftom the tenets of expressivism; a broad cultural movement with roots in eighteenth
century Romanticism. Expressivist landscape architecture affirms a holistic concept of the
human-envirorunenrte lationshipa s a philosophical core for landscapea rchitecturea nd includes
a reconceptualisationo f landscapea s expressivel andscapep lace; an experientiale ntity defined
in terms of an integration of human psychological and emotional functioning and physical
space. Developing from Christopher Alexander's theoretical structures, expressivist landscape
architecture is made operational by features which stress the primacy of human expressive
activity, design as language and the experience of creative participation in the making of
expressive landscape places.