Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.299957
Title: Colour and polarised light vision in stomatopods : a neuroanatomical study.
Author: Strain, Eleanor Violet.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3488 0171
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 1998
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Abstract:
The mantis shrimp Gonodactylus oerstedii is known to possess eyes capable of colour and polarised light vision. The apposition compound eyes of these creatures are highly mobile and their ommatidia are specialised to analyse the spectral and e-vector qualities of light in a central strip of the eye called the midband. The retina of the midband of Rows 1-4 is tiered with each row being sensitive to a narrow region of the colour spectrum. Row 5 and 6 ommatidia possess many structural features designed to allow the e-vector direction of light to be detected. This thesis investigates the neuroanatomy in the neuropile regions below the retina in an attempt to elucidate the mechanisms which allow colour and polarised light vision to take place. In Chapter 2 the retina-lamina projection of the retinal axons is studied in an ommatidium in Row 3 of the midband, and the findings suggest that the stomatopod is similar to all other crustacea so far studied, despite its unusual retina. Chapter 3 investigates the neuroanatomy of the medulla neuropile regions. A novel region of the medulla externa which deals with colour information is discovered. In Chapter 4 the lamina of Rows 1-4 is looked at in more detail, with the number of monopolar cells and the detailed arrangements of the retinular cell terminals being ascertained. The terminals sensitive to different regions of the spectrum are located in different areas of the lamina cartridge. Chapter 5 looks at many of the issues above but this time in relation to rows 5 and 6 of the midband, which are specialised for polarisation vision. The lamina neuropile is very different to that of Rows 1-4 and again a specialised region of the medulla externa is found which processes information from these rows. This thesis provides evidence that the optic lobes of Gonodactylus oerstedii are comparable to other crustacea but nevertheless may possess some intriguing specialisations related to their extraordinary colour and polarised light vision.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.299957  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Mantis shrimp; Lamina; Crustacea; Compound eye Zoology
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