A cross-cultural comparative analysis of sex equality in the financial services sector in Turkey and Britain.
This thesis addresses issues of sex equality in the financial services sector in Britain and
Turkey. incorporating a critique of the well-established theories of sex segregation in tht?
labour force, the labour market and the organisation.
The concepts of 'belonging' and 'otherness' are utilised to explain the problems of
representation in the lahour force. Sex segregation in the lahour market is analysed using
the occupational closure framework which elaborates gendered strategies of inclusion.
exclusion. demarcation and dual closure. At the organisational level. the implications of
different ideologies of sex equality will be studied. with a specific focus on
transformational change ideology.
The field study for this project was carried out with male and female stafT working in the
financial sector in both countries. Two main types of data were collected: primwy data
gathered through interviews and questionnaires. supplemented by field notes: and
secondary data provided by the readily available published material such as international.
national and organisational surveys, and company publications. The Turkish suryey
generated 312 completed questionnaires and 21 taped interviews with staff employed in the
sector. The British survey. which presented greater difficulties in secunng access.
eventually yielded 50 completed questionnaires and 25 taped interviews.
The analysis of the findings revealed certain cross-cultural differences in the gendered
norms of "belonging' and 'otherness'. in the gendered strategies of occupational closure
and in organisational approaches to redressing issues of sex equality. However. despite
these differences. common patterns of disadvantage based on gender were apparent for
staff working in the financial services sector in both societies.