Labour market experiences of Indians in Great Britain : (1947-1996).
According to the 1991 Census, Indians are the largest ethnic minority group in the
UK. This thesis uses quantitative techniques to investigate the experiences of Indians
in the British labour market over the past five decades. This study analyses the
factors that encouraged Indians to migrate and settle in the UK and highlights the
changes in their skill composition and labour market experiences over time. A
comparative study is also made between Indian males and females and their
counterparts from other ethnic groups in order to investigate the differences in
industrial and occupational distribution, participation decisions and earnings across
the various ethnic and gender groups. This thesis attempts to evaluate the extent of
discrimination faced by Indians in the British labour market and investigates the
consequences of discrimination and labour market disadvantages.
Over the years, economists have made significant contributions towards analysing
the employment prospects, earnings and disadvantages faced by minority groups in
the labour markets of developed countries. Most of the UK studies in this area using
quantitative techniques have attempted to evaluate the relative positions of different
ethnic groups in the British labour market. This study is more focussed since it
concentrates on the experiences of Indians - the largest minority group in the UK.
The research also provides a perspective from India, that is, mainly the lessons learnt
from the experiences of migrant Indians in the labour market of a developed country.
This thesis investigates the impacts of migration on the Indian economy with
emphasis on how the Indian government can address the problem of "brain drain"
and benefit by utilising the technical know-how, skills and savings of Indians
residing in the UK and other countries.