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Title: Modelling of flow and colloids in porous media.
Author: Humby, Steven John.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3584 2273
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 1999
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Porous media and transport within them play technically important roles in many of our industries. However, classical mean field engineering descriptions used to model the complex interactions between the porous medium and the fluids and colloids within it are not completely satisfactory. The design capability of the engineering community would be greatly enhanced if these models could be more clearly linked to the mesoscopic details of the fluid/suspension/porous solid systems. This would allow cheaper, yet quicker, and more innovative design and optimization of systems involving fluid/suspension flow in porous media. Modem techniques for the explicit mesoscopic modelling of porous media, and fluid and colloid transport within them, have developed to a point where their combination in a single simulation tool can be contemplated. However, at present, no such tool exists. The aim of this study was to design and test a comprehensive simulation tool that could accurately model the transport phenomena of any given fluid and colloidal system within any given porous medium at a mesoscopic level. Lattice gas automata (LGA) modelling techniques for fluid and colloid transport, and the Joshi/Quiblier/Adler (JQA) statistical method for reconstructing porous media, were uniquely combined to achieve this. The results of simulations were compared to measurements obtained using an experimental apparatus. The objectives of the study were to: 1) determine a priori the permeability of porous media, and; 2) simulate deposition phenomena observed experimentally. The study showed that permeabilities predicted using the simulation tool were lower than those determined experimentally. Several causes for this were identified, all of which can be addressed in the short-term. Simulated changes in fluid velocity and particle concentration were found to alter the rate and pattern of deposition in a manner consistent with experimental results. Furthermore, the tool provided a rich description of fundamental physical phenomena at the pore scale level. These preliminary findings indicate that the combination of these models provide the basis for further development leading to a mesoscopic modelling tool capable of predicting fluid and colloid transport in porous media
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Colloid transport Chemical engineering Chemistry, Physical and theoretical Fluid mechanics