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Title: Avian gait analysis
Author: Corr, Sandra A.
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1999
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Two methods were used in this research. The pedobarograph is a relatively novel method of gait analysis for animals which enables footfall patterns to be recorded, enabling spatial parameters (step length, width and angle) and plantar pressure patterns to be described and measured. A Kistler force plate was then used to measure the three-dimensional ground reaction forces (GRF's) produced during walking. Speed and cadence can be calculated using either system. Gait patterns are described for normal birds, and for different strains of broilers, raised on different feeding regimes. All the gait parameters were very variable, both between birds, and within the same bird, even when bodyweight and speed were controlled for. Despite the high variability, however, significant differences were identified in many of the gait parameters between the different groups. The vertical and craniocaudal GRF's of Brown Leghorns showed similar characteristics to those produced in human walking. The peak vertical forces were of a similar order of magnitude in the birds as in humans (125-150 % bodyweight), and the peak craniocaudal forces, and the rate of change of force, were closely tied to speed. All the GRF's in the birds increased significantly with increasing speed, except for braking rate (which was more variable) and stance time (which decreased significantly). The mediolateral forces were much greater in the birds than have been reported for other species, however, with peaks of 10-22% bodyweight. Analysis of plantar pressures showed that the pressure were concentrated on the digital pads, with the lowest pressure on the metatarsal pad (131 kNm-2), and highest pressure on the medial toe (up to 218 kNm-2).Combined gait analysis and morphometric studies of ad libitum-fed selected broilers identified many ways in which their gait deviated from that of relaxed broilers and Brown Leghorns, in ways which would serve to increase stability and decrease stresses on the skeleton.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: SF600 Veterinary Medicine Veterinary medicine Livestock Pets