Upgrading forestry training : three areas for development in Indonesia.
This study reviews the upgrading of forestry training in Indonesia comprising public,
private and local people. The principal aim of this study is to investigate if, and how, forestry
training can meet the needs of Indonesia forestry sector as methods of sustainable forest
management are developed. Sustainability of forest resources and its underpinning by human
resource development systems and processes are currently the primary issues and serious
challenges for Indonesia forestry sector.
The current capacity of forestry training in Indonesia is considered inadequate to meet
the challenge. Forestry training managers and trainers in both public and private sectors,
timber company managers and workers, and local people were involved in the human
resource development processes to meet the new requirements and to see through the
remaining traditional forestry training at the same time. Consideration was given to the
weakness of the capacity of the current forestry training and the needs for improvement.
The literature review took a theme approach covering the fields of human resource
development processes, training and development, the six Indonesia five - year development
plans, the guidelines for sustainable forest management of Indonesia and the International
Tropical Timber Organisation. The main focus for obtaining data with respect to the
respondents and informants was the changes brought about by training. The methodology
centred on the design and use of a questionnaire with return rate of 55% from eighty
managers of forest concessions, 80% from ten heads of public forestry training centres and
60% from eight private forestry training centres. In addition, a formal interview was
conducted with HPH managers, APHI representatives, Forestry officials, local government,
and trainers. Semi - structured interviews were conducted with villagers and HPH workers.
Observations were conducted of villages within KPHP pilots in Riau, Jambi, Central
Kalimantan, and East Kalimantan concerned with Forest Village Development. Teaching
sessions of trainers graduated from OTTA at the Wolverhampton University were also
These data formed the basis of an analysis of the gap between the ideal future forestry
human resource capacity and the current provision in relation to sustainable forest
management. Analyses of quantitative data were conducted based on descriptive statistics
using Excel. The approach to qualitative data was from open to axial and selective coding.
In this study the limitation of upgrading forestry training emerged. This limitation is
also endorsed by the users of the training programmes. The forestry extension activities are
seen as an integral part of human resource development processes and as such must be with
the respect to the forestry training programmes. The sustainable forest management can be
justifiably incorporated within the upgrading forestry training. The only high standard of
forestry training that can assure a success of forestry development is by providing welltrained
foresters. Training has to become a strategic preoccupation of senior executives and
top trainers as agent of change, which induces positive work attitudes, commitment,
discipline and professionalism.