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Title: The Rome Embassy of Sir Eric Drummond, 16th Earl of Perth, 1933 - 1939.
Author: Rotunda, Donald Theodore.
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1972
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When Sir Eric Drurnmond. arrived In Rome in October 1 933 to begin his duties as His I1ajesty's Ambassador to the Quirinal, he had just completed IL1. years service as the first secretary general of the league of nations. At Geneva he earned a reputation as a skilled administrator, a model civil servant and an accomplished statesman. By the end of his tenure In Rome In 1939 he was widely accused of being an active symphatiser of the Italian regime end Its style of government. Instead of explaining the Duce's policies to the foreign office, the ambassador's detractors claim that he tried to justify and even advocate them. A statement that the Italian foreign minister, Count Galeazzo Ciano, recorded in the privacy of his dairy - that the British ambassador had come "to understand and even to love fascism" while in Rome -- Is used both as a conclusion to this school of thought as well as evidence in its support. And this view has become firmly established as the verdict of history. The ambassador himself was satisfied with his record In Rome snd was convinced that the documents would bear him out. The documents to which he referred are now re'eased and. It is indeed clear from them that the case against him must be called into question and. a reappraisal made of his years In Rome. The motives behind Sir Eric Drummond's actions in Rome were far different than those which have been attributed to him by his detractors. He arrived at the policies he advocated not from any sympathy for Italian fascism but from a pragmatic appraisal of Britain's strategic position In the Mediterranean. He cultivated Ciano's friendship by faittering him so that he might improve his effectiveness as an en His advice was generally sound and he followed his instruclkns faithfully. The success of his diplomatic mission must be judged by the fact that when war came In 1939, Italy remained neutral.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available