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Title: A study of some London estates in the eighteenth century.
Author: Swann, Brenda Audrey Swanton.
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1964
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The records of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, St. Thomas' Hospital, and the Bridge House Trust are examined, first, to study the changes in the extent and organization of their properties during the eighteenth century, and, secondly, to see what light such findings throw upon more general problems. As far as their urban property in London is concerned, the term of years in building leases grew longer in the course of the century, reflecting the increased cost of building in brick. Secondly the records show the changing character of their city properties the replacement of small houses, particularly in courts and. alleys, by larger properties including warehouses, stables, and coach houses. Some slum property was rebuilt around the mid-century with better quality housing and cheaper building was later erected on the southern fringes of the City in Southwark, in Deptford, and north of Old Street. Thirdly, there was a change in the payment for London houses from an initial fine and a yearly reserved rent to rack rents. Rents increased during the first three decades of the century, were depressed .n the 1750's and then rose rapidly after 1760. The greatest increase in rents was tenfold, found for land which changed from agricultural use to urban development at the end of the century. The agricultural property of the three estates lay mainly in the Home Counties. Agricultural rents rose throughout the century, with some few exceptions during the middle decades; the average overall increase amounted to about 185 per cent. In the determining of rents, proximity to London, the extent of landlords' investment and the availability of transport facilities were important. Finally, agricultural holdings were generally let on lease throughout the century and the form of lease reflected the adoption of new agricultural techniques, especially in the latter part of the century.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available