Urban policy impact evaluation : towards a systematic approach.
The main objective of this research is to develop a systematic approach for
comprehensive ex-post evaluation of urban policy. In broad terms, urban policies are
central government initiatives applied in a spatially targeted manner within urban
areas where specific needs have been identified. 'Comprehensive' is defined as the
attempt to answer all the questions policy-makers and stakeholders are likely to raise
at the various stages of the planning and implementation process. In moving towards
the achievement of this objective a number of different, yet supplementary, sources
of knowledge and experience are examined.
Part 1 reviews the underlying assumptions and strengths and weaknesses of
existing appraisal methods and examines their applicability in ex-post evaluation and
the choice among them. It also examines the different views and models of both
monitoring and implementation analysis and the role each can play within a
comprehensive evaluation approach.
Part 2 examines evaluation methods adopted in a number of case studies in
various fields. It starts with the first hand experience in urban policy evaluation
within a governmental context. Then, it critically reviews the methodology adopted
for evaluation in a number of case studies in the field of urban policy. Evaluation
traditions in the fields of regional (economic) policy in Britain and, trunk road and
motorway schemes in the UK, USA and the Netherlands are also reviewed.
These different strands are brought together in the form of a flexible systematic
approach for comprehensive ex-post evaluation of urban policy. The choice of the
'components' of the approach is based, to a large extent, on the first part of the
research. However, the organisation of the approach and the exact role each tool can
play are greatly informed by the second part.