Plan analysis of the medieval boroughs of Northumberland.
In the first part of the first section, earlier work on
boroughs is considered, highlighting the failure to study
morphology. The changing emphasis after 1955 is identified,
stressing the continued focus on individual towns. It is the
failure to consider the basic elements which this research
project is trying to overcome.
The second part of the first section discusses the reasons
why boroughs rather than towns were chosen as the subject of
the study. The common and peculiar features of boroughs are
outlined, indicating the comparative ease with which
Medieval boroughs can be identified in the surviving
documents. Section one concludes with an explanation of why
Northumberland was chosen as the area of study.
Section two involves a discussion of the sources used to
identify the boroughs, including the problem of survival and
the effects of desertion, replanning and industrialisation.
The plans of three boroughs are traced back to 1500 and the
evidence concerning change before then is analysed. A
discussion of the comparability between Medieval and modern
measurements is followed by an explanation of how to achieve
the most accurate measurement of the plots. Finally, each of
the reconstructed boroughs is analysed in detail and
conclusions drawn with regard to the nature and survival of
evidence of planning in Northumberland's Medieval boroughs.