The place and use of scripture in the Pastoral epistles
The first half of this thesis presents an overall picture of Scripture in the Pastoral epistles, discussing the subject under the headings of use, extent and doctrine. The authors' use of the Old Testament has been strongly influenced by Christian tradition, although at times there is originality. Whether through a formal usage or some informal connection or influence, the Old Testament plays a significant part in the theology and ethics of the Pastoral Epistles. But the Old Testament is not alone in this role. Christian tradition is coming to be accepted as Scripture by the author. The quotation of Luke 10:7 as Scripture (I Tim. 5:18) is the most explicit instance of this, but the author betrays a distinct canon-conscious attitude toward apostolic tradition. The author's doctrine of Scripture places an emphasis on its origin in divine activity and speech. Yet, it cannot be said that he regards the human authors as mere passive instruments. The second half of the thesis is concerned with comparing the author's doctrine of Scripture with Paul, II Peter and Philo. It has been often and emphatically asserted that the Pastoral's doctrine of Scripture has more in common with Philo and II Peter, than with Paul. The comparisons serve to test this assertion. It is concluded that Philo's view of Scripture is often misinterpreted. Furthermore, the comparisons demonstrate that there is nothing in the Pastoral's doctrine of Scripture to justify placing them outside the Pauline tradition at this point. The evidence concerning this issue cannot prove Pauline authorship because the Pastorals and Paul stand within a broader New Testament tradition with regard to the nature of Scripture, but they are certainly not in disagreement.