Some Islamic monuments in Jabal Nafusa.
It is a well-known fact that Libya is a country
which has received very little serious study in the
field of Islamic art and aroheaology. In Libya most
research and study in art and archeaology has been centred
on the Greek and Roman heritag+e$ and even the prehistoric
era has received considerably more attention
than the Islamic period. In the past ten years, howeverg
excavations have been carried out in some Islamic
sites both in the east and south of the country, yet
so many other sites remain unexcavated and unsurveyed.
The area of the Jabal Nafüsa is considered to be
one of these important but neglected regions. The
impetus behind this thesis, therefore, is to contribute
to the present knowledge and it aims at paving the way
for those who intend to go further by studying the remains
of this area in greater detail. The other purpose
of this thesis is to throw some light on some Islamic
sites which should receive priority when carrying out
excavations in the Jabal NaMsa.
One obstacle that meets the scholar is to establish
the historical background relative to the area of study.
In the Jabal Nafüsa the historical information that we
possess is scarce and sometimes obscure.
This thesis contains an attempt to study the history
of this area, especially concerning the first centuries
of the Islamic era. Analogy and comparison were applied
in order to form the historical background needed for
studying some old Islamic monuments in the Jabal NafUsa.
In chapters two, three and four, the emphasis is
apparent on studying architecture and decorations.
In the field of architecture a detailed study was applied
to some Islamic remains in the area. These selected
monuments reveal the variety of architectural features
in the Jabal. Again comparative examples show the outaide
influence on the Jabal and in addition architectural
oharacteristics of local origin could be pointed out.
The same method was followed when discussing the
decorations which were found in some of the mosques mentioned.
Comparison between these decorations and other
similar dated examples made it possible to see the influence
of other decorations found in different parts
of the Islamic world.
In chapter five the study of some mosques in Tmizda
area has revealed new elements represented in the Christian
and Roman influence on the Jabal.
Chapter six is devoted to inscriptions which were
found in various mosques in the Jabal Nafffsa. Comparative
material helped in studying their style as well as suggesting
an approximate date concerning the inscriptions of
Finally this thesis could be considered as a humble
attempt to illustrate some aspects of the Jabal Nafnsa,
not only in respect to its importance in Islamic studies,
but also in connection to other areas of study upon which
some questions have been raised throughout the thesis.