Technical change in the Turkish truck manufacturing industry.
The thesis analyses the case studies of three truck manufacturing
firms with the purpose of contributing to the body of knowledge
concerning technical change in the manufacturing sector of developing
countries. This is done by a) identifying some of the factors which
influence technological efforts of the three major truck manufacturing
firms in Turkey, b) analysing the nature (direction) and rate of
technical change in the sector, and c) examining underlying mechanisms
in the process of technical change by which additional technological
capabilities have been acquired and workers' contribution to this
process. Such knowledge forms an essential base on which an effective
technology policy and industrialisation strategy can be formulated to
promote post-investment technological development within firms.
Part I first draws attention to the lack of empirically based
analys is of techni ca 1 change whi ch takes into account macroeconomi c
conditions and inter-firm differences in examining the main aspects of
technical change such as determinants, the nature and rate of change.
Then it gi ves an hi stori ca 1 revi ew of the Turk ish economy and the
development of the Turkish automotive industry which is greatly
influenced by industrialisation policies. This macroeconomic
background provi des an understandi ng of the economi c envi ronment in
which the case study firms operate and enables us to evaluate their
Part II presents the case studies of the three Turkish truck
firms. It explores the firms' characteristics and historically
exami nes thei r phys i ca 1 and economi c performance, and techno 1 ogi ca 1
efforts to generate technical change. Then it explores how and to
what extent the macroeconomi c condi t ions i nfl uence thei r efforts for
Part III draws lessons from the case studies by analysing
significance of industrialisation policies that greatly determine the
macroeconomic conditions and their effect on determining the nature,
rate and impact of techni ca 1 change. Then it gi ves an i nter-fi rm
comparative analysis to identify firm level factors which are also
influential in the firms' technological dynamism.