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Title: The architecture of the nonconformist churches during the Victorian and Edwardian years.
Author: Wakeling, C.
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 1983
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This thesis is concerned with the architecture of the Nonconformist churches, particularly from the 1830s to the First World War. Nonconformist in this context is taken to refer to Protestant Nonconformity, as described in the first part of chapter one. It specifically excludes the Roman Catholic and Catholic Apostolic churches. The thesis is confined to England and Wales since the idea of Nonconformity is less appropriate to Scotland, where the established church was Presbyterian. The aim is to provide a fuller picture of Nonconformist church architecture from the Victorian and Edwardian periods than has previously been available. In an attempt to avoid too partial a view, information has been gathered from many kinds of sources - denominational, architectural and topographical. The most convenient sources are the architectural magazines and denominational year books of the period, which are rich in information that could only be recovered with difficulty from other sources. Almost inevitably, however, these national publications emphasise the larger and more competently designed chapels at the expense of humbler buildings. To compensate for this, case studies have been undertaken in North Norfolk and Derby. Such systematic surveys of particular areas not only enable one to appreciate the range of competence in Nonconformist architecture, but also help to counteract the national publications' uneven coverage of chapel-building during the first part of Victoria's reign. The case studies are presented in the first two appendices and are referred to in a nuirber of places in the main text. One note of warning is contained in the case studies. They reveal that very few early Victorian chapels survived to the end of the century without changes to their internal arrangements. Since most photographs of chapel interiors date from the late nineteenth century or after, it is often difficult to ýive an accurate picture of the seating or other fittings in early Victorian chapels. Wherever possible in this work, therefore, illustrations of chapel interiors are contemporary with the building.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Architecture