A seismic study of crustal structure in the region of the Western Isles of Scotland
In November 1979, the Department of Geological Sciences, University of Durham, in conjunction with the Department of Geology, University of Glasgow, carried out a marine seismic refraction survey between Barra In the Outer Hebrides and Girvan on the Ayrshire coast. In August/September 1981, a shorter profile, between Mull and Kintyre, was undertaken. Temporary recording stations were set up on land and explosives and alrguns used as sources at sea. In addition, data were obtained from the permanent recording networks in Scotland. The application of digital filtering techniques to the alrgun lines Is presented and reviewed. The explosive shot data were interpreted using time-term analysis, the plus- minus method and ray-tracing. Gravity and magnetic studies were used as a control on the interpretation. The depth to the basin has been examined, indicating sedimentary cover of between 1 and 3 km along the line. The variation in basement velocity has been determined. A velocity model for the upper crust has been developed indicating large lateral changes. A steep gradient Is thought to exist between Golonsay and Jura and a more gentle gradient beneath Mull. There does not seem to be evidence for a mid-crustal refractor with a sharp velocity transition across the boundary. Large changes In Pn time-terms across the Minch and Inner Hebrides basin are thought to be largely due to the varying velocity structure of the basement. The basin formation and deformation of the lower crust are thought to Involve movement within the mantle.