A comparative analysis of first and third generations of women on the kibbutz
The research focuses on two generations of women on Kibbutz Ein-Harod (in Israel):
the founding generation of women who came from Russia and Poland and established
the kibbutz in 1921, and the third generation - the granddaughters of the founders
who were born and still live on the kibbutz. About eighty years separate these two
The research compares how the two generations view their status and their place in
kibbutz society. The place of the women is examined in various areas of life: work
and profession; public activity; guarding and defending the kibbutz; femininity,
mothering and family. The research on the first generation relied largely on archival
material, while the third generation was researched through discussions in a research
group setting and in personal interviews.
The research is divided as follows:
Chapter 1 is a general introduction to the subject and the perspective adopted by the
Chapter 2 reviews the research literature in this field in the order in which the issues
are dealt with in the research.
Chapter 3, the methodology, deals with the theoretical frame of the research,
especially the feminist-gender aspects.
Chapter 4 is devoted to the first generation, including a historical review leading up to
the establishment of the kibbutz, and the women's stories over two decades.
Chapter 5 reviews the situation of the kibbutz today and presents the granddaughters'
Chapter 6 is devoted to analysing, comparing and discussing the findings.
Chapter 7 present the conclusions and proposals for further research