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Title: Two-phase local heat transfer correlations for non-ozone depleting refrigerant-oil mixtures.
Author: Boissieux, Xavier.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3469 028X
Awarding Body: University of Brighton
Current Institution: University of Brighton
Date of Award: 1998
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This thesis describes the work undertaken over a 3 year period under a Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) Partners in Technology programme in collaboration with four industrial partners. The aim of the work was to investigate the two-phase flow heat transfer and fluid dynamic performance of the non-ozone depleting refrigerants and lubricating oil mixtures in a horizontal tube. A single tube test facility was designed and built to determine local heat transfer coefficients and overall pressure drop for evaporation and condensation. A circulating pump system pressurised through an accumulator charged with nitrogen was selected to enable accurate setting of the evaporation and condensation conditions. The system was validated using R22. Tests were undertaken for R404A, R407C, Isceon 59 with a Polyol-ester lubricating oil. The experimental data consist of two-phase local heat transfer coefficients and overall pressure drops inside a smooth copper tube. Numerous data were obtained for evaporation and condensation, and constituted a large database of two-phase heat transfer coefficients. The experimental results were compared with several existing correlations traditionally used in heat exchanger design, to assess their suitability with the new refrigerants. As a result of these comparisons offering a poor agreement, a model characterising the variation of the local heat transfer coefficient was developed. The evaporation model consists in a modification of the Kattan et al. model (1998a, b & c). The new model predicts the experimental results well, with a standard deviation of 6.1% for refrigerant R407C and Isceon 59. The effects of lubricating oils on two-phase flow heat transfer are also discussed qualitatively. This work provides a design tool when dealing with the non-ozone depleting refrigerants, and recommendations are made on the use of several correlations.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Air conditioning; Refrigeration; Heat exchange