Measurement of modulation transfer function and Wiener-spectrum of diagnostic x-ray screen-film systems in a hospital setting
The thesis looks at various aspects of the modulation transfer function (MTF) and Wiener spectrum (WS) measurements for screen-film systems aiming at robust and simple methods for their routine measurement in a hospital setting. To measure the MTF of the film-screen systems, the square wave response function method was used. To normalise the MTF at a lower spatial frequency, a lead step and an object were incorporated into the measurement. Work on fitting the MTF data was carried out by considering two MTF models. To check if the current MTF calculation makes a low estimate, calculation using more terms in the Coltmann equation was performed. The value of the edge spread function method to measure the MTF was examined. The MTF of the microdensitometer was measured, and the correction factor for the screen-film. MTF based on this was calculated. MTF measurements of several screen-film combinations in use at the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary were made. The method used for the measurement of the WS of the screen-film was the fast Fourier transform digital method. A proper normalisation was chosen and implemented in the calculation. Low pass filtering, low frequency filtering, and windowing of the density fluctuation data were examined using sinusoidal and real noise data. The square shape of the scanning aperture of the microdensitomer was taken into account in the determination of WS. Slit length was synthesised and incorporated into the WS calculation. WS measurements of several screen-film combinations were made. A short receiver operating characteristic (ROC) study of two screen-film systems, recently introduced into Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, was undertaken to study the relationship between the physical measures of image quality that had been developed and the subjective measure based on the area under the ROC curve.